CONDITIONAL SENTENCE ( KALIMAT PENGANDAIAN)

Wednesday, 4 April 2012

CONDITIONAL SENTENCE ( KALIMAT PENGANDAIAN)
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CONDITIONAL SENTENCE ( KALIMAT PENGANDAIAN)
CONDITIONAL SENTENCE ( KALIMAT PENGANDAIAN)
CONDITIONAL SENTENCE ( KALIMAT PENGANDAIAN)
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CONDITIONAL SENTENCE ( KALIMAT PENGANDAIAN)

Kalimat pengandaian terdiri dari 2 bagian:

1.main clause

2. If clause

Ada 3 bentuk conditional sentence

1.Present real (type 1)

Menyatakan sesuatu yg mungkin terjadi sekarang (present ) atau waktu mendatang (future )jika kondisinya terpenuhi/terlaksana.
Dalam conditional type 1 ini  IF CLAUSE memakai pola IF + S + V 1 dan MAIN CLAUSE memakai pola S+ WILL/CAN/MAY

contoh : If she cooks fried rice, I will eat lunch ( jika dia masak nasi goreng,saya akan makan siang )
             If he is here , I will be happy ( jika dia disini,saya akan bahagia )

2. Present unreal (type 2)

Menyatakan sesuatu yg bertentangan dengan keadaan sekarang
IF CLAUSE = IF+S+V2 dan MAIN CLAUSE = S+WOULD/COULD/ MIGHT

Contoh : If she cooked fried rice,I would eat lunch
Fakta yg sebenarnya adalah she doesn't cook fried rice so,I will not eat lunch (dia tidak memasak nasi goreng jadi saya tidak akan makan siang

If she were mine,I would build the nice house
Faktanya sekarang adalah She is not mine so I will not bulid the nice house ( Dia bukan miliku,jadi saya tidak akan membangun sebuah rumah yg bagus )


note : Pada conditional type 2 ini kita gunakan WERE untuk semua to be
         If bisa kita hilangkan dan memindahkan were kedepan kalimat
contoh : Were she mine,i would build the nice house


Past unreal (type 3 )

Menyatakan sesuatu yg bertentangan dengan keadaan diwaktu lampau
If clause : IF + S + HAD +VERB 3 dan MAIN CLUSE : S+ WOULD HAVE,COULD HAVE, MIGHT HAVE + V3
Contoh : If she had studied hard she would have passed the examination (jika dia sudah belajar keras,dia akan sudah lulus ujian )
Faktanya : She didn't study hard so she wouldn't pass the examination


kita juga bs menghilangkan IFdengan memindahkan Had kedepan kalimat
contoh : Had she studied hard,she would have passed the examination

 

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